This Week in the Civil War - October 19th - 25th, 1862
Chronology of The Civil War
Sovereign states — State leaders — Territorial governors — Religious leaders. Births — Deaths. He was killed in a train accident near Lafayette, Indiana on October 31, while going home, survived by his widow and three children. There are fifteen letters, mostly addressed to his mother and sisters, dated between September and September He was from Freeport, Illinois and mustered in at Rockford, Illinois. His diaries include several drawings. His writings are lengthy and give in-depth descriptions of events, battles and deaths. These writings really give a sense of Fuller, especially because they include time before and after the war.
His diaries and letters tell of his time in Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama and include details on battles and camp life. Ulysses S. Grant was born in Ohio in He was appointed to command a volunteer regiment. By September , he had been promoted to Brigadier General of Volunteers. Grant went on to win major battles at Vicksburg, Mississippi, and Chattanooga, Tennessee.
American Civil War Summary
Lincoln appointed him General in Chief in March In this role, Grant directed General Sherman to march through the south while he commanded the Army of the Potomac in Northern Virginia. Grant went on to serve as United States President from to He died in Those written by Grant himself were composed during the Civil War and after it.
The letters written during the Civil War discuss tactics in great detail. Rosell M. Hough was aide-de-camp of General David Hunter. Hunter was Commander of the Department of the South, and his father-in-law was John Kinzie, an early resident of Chicago. In civilian life, Major Hough was a prominent Chicago meatpacker. Many of his letters are concerned with such business matters. According to the Illinois muster records, Hough resigned from the military in April William T.
Humphrey was a fife major with the st Illinois Volunteers. He joined the military in Jacksonville, Illinois, in August He served as a musician until he mustered out in June He joined the military as a sergeant in in LaSalle, Illinois. He was promoted to the rank of 1st Lieutenant a few months later. In , he attained the rank of Captain while serving in Lake Providence, Louisiana. In , he became Lieutenant Colonel, the rank at which he mustered out in During his service, he was taken prisoner at Fort Donelson, Tennessee, and suffered a head wound at Vicksburg, Mississippi.
He enlisted in the 36th Illinois Infantry at Monmouth and traveled with the troops to Aurora, Illinois, where they were mustered into United States service on September 23, He was killed in the opening battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tennessee, on September 19, His body was never recovered. He had two brothers, John A. John also died in battle. James, to whom most of these letters are written, survived the war.
He went on to become a surgeon and mayor of Monmouth, Illinois. He died in in Indiana. Geza Mihalotzy was born in Buda, Hungary sometime in the mids. He immigrated to the United States, settling in Chicago, where he joined the military to fight in the Civil War. He eventually served as colonel of the 24th Illinois Infantry. He died in battle in late February or early March These letters are mostly written to Mihalotzy and document the administrative duties of a military leader.
They include receipts for supplies, papers about equipment shipments, letters excusing soldiers from service for medical reasons and letters of discharge and resignation. Also included are communications to his wife, Hannah, when he was wounded and eventually died.
David W. He wrote most frequently to Mary Thomas of Coal Valley, whom he eventually married. Morris described activities and experiences in camp and at war. This set of letters was written primarily to Annie F. Noble, mainly by Otis M.
Moody, though letters between other correspondents and letters to Noble from other correspondents also appear. The finding aid they created provides information about that collection. He became 1st lieutenant of Company K. He later became acting assistant adjutant general of the brigade under Luther Bradley and performed largely administrative duties. On September 19, , Bradley led his troops into the battle at Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tennessee. Annie Fenwick Noble was born in England, on September 8, It is not known how Annie and Otis met, but their letters imply a religious connection.
Annie died on September 28, Additional correspondents in this set of letters are difficult to identify as they rarely include their last names. One additional letter of note in this set is written to Annie from Luther P. Bradley, colonel of the 51st Illinois, offering condolences on the death of Otis, and providing a description of the events surrounding his death. His letters describe the hardship of war, including illness, night watch and marching.
These letters, written to R. Parker of Downers Grove, Illinois, relate individual remembrances of the Battle of Sharpsburg in Maryland, more commonly known as Antietam. It appears that R. Parker was seeking firsthand accounts of the Battle of Antietam. Parker placed advertisements in a publication in Alabama requesting information on the Battle. Many responded to this ad, while others wrote to Parker because friends referred them. In correspondence back and forth, Parker would frequently send a map he was compiling and ask them to contribute information to the movements of troops on the map.
Occasionally the letters are from soldiers who did not serve at Sharpsburg due to illness or injury in an earlier battle. These letters provide interesting Confederate perspective on actions they had participated in roughly 30 years earlier. Fitz-John Porter was born in New Hampshire in Porter began the Civil War as a colonel in the 15 th U. He was quickly promoted to Brigadier General in command of a division of the Army of the Potomac. Pope and Porter did not get along. The battle ended in disaster for the Union, and Porter was relieved of duties in November In January , Porter lost his court martial, resulting in dismissal from the Army.
Porter worked for the rest of his life to have this decision reversed and his rank reinstated. In , a special government commission exonerated Porter, finding his actions very likely saved the Army from suffering further damages. In , President Chester A. He died in New Jersey in John W. Potter was born around A carpenter from Kendallville, Indiana, Potter began his military service in November He was sent to join the 35th Indiana Infantry in Tennessee, where it had been reduced to inactivity by heavy losses.
At the war's end, the 35th was sent to Texas where it was mustered out in September Potter, 37 at the time of his enlistment, had several children, and his letters reveal anxiety over his absence from home and the difficulty of communication. Realf, the son of a police constable, was born in and grew up in Sussex, Great Britain.
He began writing poetry as a child, and, at 17 he became secretary to a Brighton physician and his wife, who introduced him to the literary circle of Lady Byron.
In , they arranged for the publication of his Guesses at the Beautiful , apparently the only volume of Realf's poetry to appear in his lifetime. In , following a scandal, he immigrated to America, where he held a wide variety of jobs but continued writing throughout his life.
Civil War Events by State - Tennessee
Upon his arrival, he became a teacher and administrator in New York, working with social outcasts and orphans. He then served briefly as an officer in the 50th U. Colored Troops, which was disbanded after six months.
He taught in a school for freed slaves and worked for the Internal Revenue Service in South Carolina. Between and , Realf was on the editorial staff of the Pittsburgh Commercial.
Alerts In Effect
He lectured on slavery, the Civil War, temperance and literature. In , he moved to San Francisco, but his ex-wife followed him and stole or destroyed many of his papers. Realf committed suicide. William Starke Rosecrans was born in Ohio in He graduated from West Point and went on to teach there for several years. He was successful in civilian business life before returning to the military during the Civil War, beginning in the 23rd Ohio Infantry.
He quickly climbed in rank, earning general by May Strategic and communication difficulties resulted in a major Union defeat at Chickamauga in September , and Rosecrans was effectively removed from power. He was moved to Missouri in and helped resist some Confederate campaigns.
He mustered out of service in Rosecrans moved to California in later life and was elected Congressman He also served as the federal Register of the Treasury These letters primarily relate to an encoded message sent by Rosecrans to General A.